Psychological support is provided by clinical psychologists registered with the College of Psychologists of Ontario (CPO), using evidence-based treatments.
Psychological Treatment (Therapy)
Psychologists at the Red Oak make you feel understood and supported, and coach you through an evidence-based treatment plan. The first step is to build your trust and to understand the reasons why you are seeking support. A social-emotional assessment helps psychologists identify treatment priorities and diagnose clinical, psychological disorders when appropriate. A tailored treatment plan, using current best practices, is discussed and agreed upon. Sessions may involve a child or adolescent alone, parents, family members or any combination of the above, and will be kept completely confidential according to the guidelines established by the College of Psychologists of Ontario.
The following are some treatment modalities that psychologists at the Red Oak draw upon when working with children, adolescents and parents:
Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT)
Motivational Interviewing (MI)
Parents often consult with psychologists when they have strained relationships with their children, or when they feel they are not able to manage their children’s behaviour effectively.
Psychologists teach parents about child development and common parenting difficulties experienced across the stages of childhood and adolescence, and coach them on effective and compassionate parenting strategies. When appropriate, psychologists teach behaviour management strategies, and also teach parents how to set healthy boundaries with their children. Our psychologists draw on the Collaborative Problem Solving (CPS) approach, to help parents change the lens in which they understand their child’s challenging behaviour.
When children or adolescents experience learning and/or attention difficulties, a cognitive assessment is often helpful to identify strengths and weaknesses, provide recommendations, and make diagnoses when appropriate. Assessments include a clinical interview to learn about presenting concerns and relevant family and developmental history, administration of standardized tests of cognition (e.g. attention, memory) and questionnaires focused on the child/youth’s cognitive skills, socio-emotional functioning and behaviour. Testing can be completed within one full day, or it may be divided into multiple sessions. Once the assessment is complete, tests are scored, integrated into a coherent and meaningful profile, and summarized in a report, along with recommendations individualized to the child’s particular strengths and needs. Results and recommendations are also discussed verbally in a feedback session.
A psychoeducational assessment focuses on a child’s cognitive and academic skills, as well as their socio-emotional functioning. The assessment includes tests of general intelligence (IQ), attention, memory, reading, writing, and mathematics. The psychologist will also assess a child/youth’s mood and social adjustment in the clinical interview and via questionnaires. A psycho-educational assessment may lead to a diagnosis of Learning Disability (LD), Giftedness or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), or Intellectual Disability. A formal diagnosis if often required to access school-based interventions. The assessment is also helpful in providing specific strategies for the school and home environment, and can help shape a student’s Individual Education Plan (IEP).